How to treat allergies

When the flowering of many plants begins, it is a time when allergies arrive. Allergy is an immune response to normally harmless substances, such as pollen or food. These substances are called allergens, and they are identified by the immune system as a threat and the immune system fights them by releasing a The immune system identifies these substances as a threat and fights them by releasing chemicals such as histamines. Typical allergy symptoms are itchy eyes, sneezing, watery eyes and nasal congestion.


Antihistamines bind to histamine receptors, blocking their action, preventing lacrimal and salivary secretions and mucus production.


There are documents that prove the existence of allergic diseases since time immemorial, but their mechanisms did not begin to be studied rigorously until the mid-nineteenth century with the rise of hay fever, which is a fever that causes allergic rhinitis due to flowering.

Hay fever symptoms ­čĹë


At the beginning of the 20th century, the mechanisms of immunity were discovered. It was one of the biggest steps in understanding the mechanisms of allergy, was the discovery of the antibody called Immunoglobulin E (IgE), in the 1960s by Kimishige Ishizaka. This antibody is directly involved in the allergic reaction and the response of the immune system.


Ishizaka marriage. Discoveries about allergy.


It goes without saying that the best prevention in allergies is not to expose yourself to allergens, but in most cases it is mission impossible, in any case you can use various medications to control the symptoms and prevent the effects of allergy. In the case of seasonal allergies, they are usually caused by pollen from plants that bloom during the spring, or during ragweed in late summer and early fall.


Among the variety of medications to treat allergies are available in tablet form as an antihistamine, nasal sprays to treat rhinitis, eye drops, skin creams and in extreme cases immunotherapy is used to treat them. Some require a prescription and others do not.


Antihistamines block histamine, the chemical that produces symptoms and causes the immune system to release during an allergic reaction.
Oral antihistamines relieve allergy symptoms, such as runny nose or watery eyes. There are different generations of antihistamines.

An adverse effect of first generation antihistamines is that they cross the blood-brain barrier of the brain, and may cause drowsiness or tiredness, so be cautious when you need to drive or perform other activities that require alertness. In later generations they no longer cross this barrier as much and do not have this side effect of drowsiness.
Antihistamines, which tend to produce greater drowsiness, are used to help you fall asleep and avoid motion sickness when riding in a vehicle (motion sickness). Among the active ingredients used are:


Difenhidramina (Biodramina) Doxilamina (Dormidina) Hidrocicina* (Atarax)

The most commonly used antihistamines are the least likely to produce drowsiness.
Among the active ingredients used are:


Cetirizina * (Zyrtec) Desloratadina * (Aerius) Levocetirizina * (Xyzal)
Loratadina (Claritin) Ebastina (Ebastel)


Eye drops

Antihistamine eye drops improve redness and discomfort caused by tearing of the eyes. They act locally in the eye. It must be said that they may produce side effects such as headache or dry eyes.


Ketotifen * (Zaditen) Nafazolina (Vispring, Ojosbel)

Nasal decongestants

Nasal decongestants improve allergy symptoms such as sneezing and nasal congestion.

You can find different active ingredients on the market. Do not use more than 2-3 days, as they may cause addiction.


Tramazolina (Rhinospray) Oximetazolina (Utabon)
Xilometazolina (Rhinovin)



Nasal sprays

Corticosteroid sprays prevent and relieve congestion and sneezing. Corticosteroids decrease inflammation in the nose and improve symptoms of nasal congestion. Among the most commonly used drugs are:

Budesonida (Rhinocort) Propionato de fluticasona (Flonase)
Mometasona * (Nasonex)
Triamcinolona * (Nasacort)


Skin creams

Topical cortisone creams relieve the inflammatory response produced by allergic skin reactions.

Do not use for long periods of time.


Hidrocortisona (Onctose) Mometasona * (Elocon)


Allergen immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is the latest generation technique, where exposure to allergens is specifically programmed and progressively increased. The objective is to train the immune system not to react to these allergens. It is administered in the form of injections or sublingually, over several weeks.

It is useful in reducing asthma symptoms.


Apart from the classic treatments that we have described, there is the option of aromatherapy, which is effective enough to combat the symptoms of allergies, they are products without side effects and more natural.

We leave you a study of the National Center for Biotechnology Information where the effect of the use of these sprays was analyzed:



Below you can find 3 Puressentiel products, with proven scientific efficacy, to improve allergy symptoms.




This spray helps reduce nasal congestion and runny nose. Unlike other products, it moisturizes the nasal cavity. It has a mild action, does not irritate or dry the mucous membrane of the nose.

It does not contain corticosteroids or vasoconstrictors, which makes it dependence-forming.

It combines hypertonic sea water with rosemary floral water, propolis and echinacea.

C├│mpralo aqu├ş ­čĹë




This nasal spray ensures an effective and gentle nasal cleansing, can be used from 10 years and adults. It cleanses, moisturizes and frees the nasal meltdowns.

It combines Brittany seawater, rich in marine trace elements, and marigold extracts. This isotonic solution helps in the treatment of problems such as allergic rhinitis.

It is suitable for pregnant and lactating women. It does not contain alcohol or preservatives.

C├│mpralo aqu├ş ­čĹë




This spray improves the discomfort caused by seasonal sensitivity, especially in spring. Essential oils can be used for respiratory well-being.

Thanks to essential oils with purifying and soothing properties, you can quickly achieve respiratory well-being.

They can be sprayed directly into the air, directly on the handkerchief or in a container of boiling water to make vapours.

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Keep in mind that each type of treatment may have contraindications, be careful if you suffer from glaucoma, hyperthyroidism or hypertension, it is best to seek advice from your doctor or pharmacist to avoid unwanted effects, and improve its effectiveness.

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